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EU Enlargement

Current Challenges and Strategic Choices

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Edited By Finn Laursen

Successive enlargements of the EU have constituted major events in the history of European integration. They affect the Union’s institutions, policies and policy-making processes and, because of the impact of these changes, enlargements have often been controversial. The major enlargement in 2004, which took the EU from 15 to 25 member countries, was followed by Romanian and Bulgarian membership in 2007 and Croatian membership in 2013.
It is often argued that there is now enlargement fatigue, and progress towards the next step seems slow. However, a number of countries, especially in the Western Balkans, are eager to join, and Turkey has been an official candidate since 1999. Major challenges lie ahead for the candidates as well as the EU. Will the candidates be able to carry out the required reforms to fulfil the membership conditions, and will the EU be able – politically and institutionally – to widen its membership further? These decisions are of strategic importance for the future of Europe.
This book analyses the issues involved, exploring the status of the ongoing enlargement process and the political games associated with it.

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Contents

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Preface .................................................................................................... 9 Acknowledgements .............................................................................. 11 List of Abbreviations ........................................................................... 13 PART I. ISSUES IN ENLARGEMENT POLICY EU Enlargement. Issues and Policy Developments .......................... 19 Finn Laursen EU Enlargement Policy and Institutional Battles. Can the Commission’s Entrepreneurship Make up for the Lack of Strong Political Will in the Council? ....................... 37 Eli Gateva Changing Theoretical Paradigm of EU Enlargement ...................... 59 Tanel Kerikmäe and Lehte Roots The Geopolitical Implications of Future EU Enlargements ............ 75 Federiga Bindi and Irina Angelescu PART II. CONDITIONALITY, COMPLIANCE, EUROPEANISATION The Multiple Dimensions of Compliance in the European Union. Lessons for Applicant States ................................ 87 Heather A. D. Mbaye The Effectiveness of EU Leverage in Fighting Corruption in Central and Eastern Europe ........................................................ 111 Svet Derderyan A Struggle for Influence. A Multi-levelled Appreciation of the Europeanisation Process ........................................................ 131 Graeme Crouch Serbia and the European Union. Is the “Culturalisation” of Accession Criteria on the Way? ................................................... 153 Miloš Milenković and Marko Milenković 8 PART III. POLITICAL PARTIES AND ENLARGEMENT Party System Institutionalisation in European Parliament and National Elections. The Comparative Impact of Expansion ......... 175 Alan Siaroff EU-Scepticism vs. Euroscepticism. Re-assessing the Party Positions in the Accession Countries towards EU Membership ...... 193 Seçkin Bariş Gülmez Ideological Families and Party Attitudes toward the EU in Serbia and Croatia ........................................................... 215 Marko Stojić PART IV. THE WESTERN BALKANS AND EU ENLARGEMENT Weak Conditionality and Uncertain Membership Perspective. Discussing EU Integration of the Western Balkans ........................ 237 Gentian Elezi Is There a Future for the Western Balkans in the European Union? ................................................................... 253 Shirley Cloyes DioGuardi EU Enlargement and Kosovo’s...

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