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Historical and International Comparison of Business Interest Associations

19th-20th Centuries

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Edited By Danièle Fraboulet-Rousselier, Andrea Maria Locatelli and Paolo Tedeschi

This book brings together selected essays on European Business Interest Associations (BIAs) as important components of European social and economic development over the last 150 years. The studies were originally presented at the 2012 World Economic History Congress, organized in association with an international research programme on BIAs in Europe. They adopt a historical research methodology with the aim of updating previous scholarship from within the social sciences; they also look at a number of different European countries, allowing for a comparative approach. They explore the roots and identity of BIAs, analyse their activities and examine their financing sources and strategies. Some essays discuss the decline of the old system of craft guilds and the emergence of new forms of economic organization and representation: new BIAs had to contend with the development of the trade unions and the growth of state economic interventionism and so they progressively increased their activities in order to serve European companies. Other essays present specific national examples of the evolution of BIAs throughout the twentieth century and also look at the development of Eurofederations.

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Bram Bouwens works at the Department of History of the University of Utrecht. His research focuses on business history. He wrote or jointly authored several books and articles, including histories of the Dutch paper and board industry, alcohol industry and dredging industry. He participates in the Dutch research program BINT (www.bintproject. nl). In 2012 he published with J. Dankers a volume on business interest associations, cartels and mergers and acquisitions in the Netherlands. Currently he is involved in the BEAT project (www.uu.nl/business- history) and works in close cooperation with K. Sluyterman on the history of the Dutch brewer Heineken. He is also manager of commissioned research at the Research Institute for History and Culture of the Universi- ty of Utrecht. Aldo Carera is Chair Professor of Economic History at the Catholic University of Milan. He is also the Director of the Archivio per la storia del movimento sociale cattolico in Italia “Mario Romani” (Archives of the Italian catholic movement), the President of the Fondazione Giulio Pastore (Foundation for studies concerning the labour problems), and the President of the Association Bibliolavoro (a research centre on the labour history). His researches and publications focus mainly on the Italian economic history, in particular the social and economic development of the Lombardy (19th-20th centuries), and the labour history, in particular the history of Italian catholic trade unions. Joost Dankers is Associate Professor and manager commissioned re- search at the Faculty of Humanities of the University of Utrecht. He co- authored several studies on Dutch...

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