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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015

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Edited By Interdepartmental Centre on Human Rights

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2015 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2014 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and Human Rights in 2014: the Challenge of National/International Constitutional Synergism» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. The complex network of monitoring actions carried out by the supranational bodies, and the relative reporting requirements Italy must meet, can only be viewed in the context of reciprocal exchange and strengthening between the provisions enshrined in the national Constitution and international human rights law.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2015 represents an updated orientation tool intended to support the commitment taken by the Italian Government in the framework of the second Universal Periodic Review (October 2014) before the UN Human Rights Council.

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Italy and Human Rights in 2014: the Challenge of National/International Constitutional Synergism

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Just as this edition of the Italian Yearbook of Human Rights, the fifth in the series, is going to press, a host of events are taking place to cel- ebrate the 800th anniversary of the Magna Charta Libertatum Ecclesiae et Regni Angliae which, as is well known, was sealed by King John of England on June 15th 1215, on the water-meadow of Runnymede, near Windsor. The commemoration of this solemn act, conventionally con- sidered the antecedent of modern legislations as far as human rights and fundamental freedoms are concerned, offers an opportunity to reflect on the intrinsic, substantially unilinear development force of a normative paradigm which touches on the supreme value of human dignity. Certain privileges and discriminations remain in the Magna Carta, and yet it con- tains the roots of Habeas Corpus, of the rule of law and of representative democracy; in other words, the beginning of a long road whose mile- stones are acts such as the Petition of Right, for example, and the Bill of Rights in the XVII Century in England, the Constitution of the United States of America and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in the XVIII Century. From the second half of the XIX Century onwards, the first part of more and more national Constitutions is devoted to recognising human rights and fundamental freedoms. Universal ethical values are translated into norms and principles of ius positum within each State’s legislation, each separately from the other. Similarly to...

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