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Italy and Tito’s Yugoslavia in the Age of International Détente

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Edited By Massimo Bucarelli, Luca Micheletta, Luciano Monzali and Luca Riccardi

World War II and East-West confrontation redefined borders between Italy and Yugoslavia, reshaped national frontiers and adversely affected political relations. As a result, major quarrels and disputes arose over territorial claims, demarcation of State boundaries, expulsion of national minorities, and diverging visions on international and domestic politics. It was only in the 1960s and 1970s, during the years of Détente, that rapprochement between Rome and Belgrade became possible and normalization of bilateral relations was attained. Long-lasting territorial disputes, such as the Trieste question, were solved and bilateral relationship greatly improved, so much so that Belgrade became an important asset in Italy’s Balkan and Adriatic strategy, while Rome was a sort of bridge between Socialist Yugoslavia and Western Europe.
This book is intended to shed light on the process of Italian-Yugoslav normalization and rapprochement, which ultimately brought to the Adriatic Détente. Based on a wide collection of primary sources and documentary materials, it aims to contribute to a better understanding of the history of the Adriatic region, a conflicted European space that had been affected by territorial disputes and ethnic strife for decades during the 20 th century.

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Introduction ............................................................................................ 9 List of Archives, Fonds, Collections of Documents and Abbreviations ................................................................................ 15 Section i: the international context From London to Osimo. American Attitude to Yugoslav-Italian Settlement of the Trieste Question ...................................................... 23 Ivan Laković The Soviet Union and Yugoslav-Italian Détente (1968-1973) .......... 37 Aleksandar Životić French Diplomacy and the Road to the Osimo Agreements ........... 49 Stanislav Sretenović Great Britain and the Italian-Yugoslav Relations in the 1970s ....... 75 Gorazd Bajc Romania and the Rapprochement between Italy and Yugoslavia ... 99 Alberto Basciani Italy and Albania in the Era of Détente. A Tacit Alliance............... 115 Luca Micheletta Section ii: the Bilateral diMenSion A Mistaken History? A Survey of the Short Century of Italian-Yugoslav Relations ............................................................ 133 Raoul Pupo Italian Foreign Policy in the Years of Détente. Ideas and Actions of Amintore Fanfani and Aldo Moro ........................... 159 Luca Riccardi Aldo Moro, Italian Ostpolitik and Relations with Yugoslavia ....... 199 Luciano Monzali 8Détente in the Adriatic. Italian Foreign Policy and the Road to the Osimo Treaty .................................................... 217 Massimo Bucarelli A Difficult Reconciliation on the Adriatic. The Yugoslav Road to the Osimo Agreements of 1975 ........................................... 249 Saša Mišić Section iii: the local reactionS The Contribution of Slovenia to the Osimo Treaty ......................... 285 Viljenka Škorjanec Croatia and Italian-Yugoslav Relations. The Issues of Demarcation Line, Minority and Property Rights (1943-1983) .... 299 Darko Dukovski The Italian Communist Party’s Policy on Trieste as Viewed by Vittorio Vidali (1954-1975) ......................................... 323 Patrick Karlsen Imperfect Normalization. The Political Repercussions of the Treaty of Osimo ....................................................................... 343 Diego D’Amelio Resisting Détente. The...

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