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European and Asian Sustainable Towns

New Towns and Satellite Cities in their Metropolises

Edited By Pascaline Gaborit

In the face of growing needs and problems around urbanization, the sustainable development of cities does not lie only in technology, research and innovation. Sustainable local development also results from a combination of different elements related to the development of social cohesion, the local economy, the environment and culture; also, crucially, it depends on the autonomy of local authorities and the adoption of the most appropriate system of governance. In addition, the urgent need to create better and more liveable cities is now inextricably linked with the integration of environmental principles, in order to prevent the waste of resources and mitigate climate change by restricting CO2 emissions. Within this framework, new strategies have been implemented for the development of ‘New Towns’ or satellite cities.
This publication gathers together contributions from different experts involved in the EAST (Euro Asia Sustainable Towns) project. The contributors originate from India, China, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States and France, and come from a variety of different backgrounds, including academic researchers, urban planners, architects, political scientists and practitioners.
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New Towns in China and India: Urban Promises or Urban Headaches?

I.    Defining URBAN and NEW TOWN in China and India


New Towns in China and India

Urban Promises or Urban Headaches?


Urban Designer

This paper is a critical reflection on the planning and design of new towns, especially in China. In my five years as a Dutch urban designer living in China, I gained a lot of insight into the Chinese urban planning and design processes from my independent practice in urban research called Urban Language, and as assistant professor on the faculty at Tongji University. This knowledge was partly crystallised in my book Shanghai New Towns – Searching for community and identity in a sprawling metropolis.1

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