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European and Asian Sustainable Towns

New Towns and Satellite Cities in their Metropolises

Edited By Pascaline Gaborit

In the face of growing needs and problems around urbanization, the sustainable development of cities does not lie only in technology, research and innovation. Sustainable local development also results from a combination of different elements related to the development of social cohesion, the local economy, the environment and culture; also, crucially, it depends on the autonomy of local authorities and the adoption of the most appropriate system of governance. In addition, the urgent need to create better and more liveable cities is now inextricably linked with the integration of environmental principles, in order to prevent the waste of resources and mitigate climate change by restricting CO2 emissions. Within this framework, new strategies have been implemented for the development of ‘New Towns’ or satellite cities.
This publication gathers together contributions from different experts involved in the EAST (Euro Asia Sustainable Towns) project. The contributors originate from India, China, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States and France, and come from a variety of different backgrounds, including academic researchers, urban planners, architects, political scientists and practitioners.
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From the New Town to the Sustainable Town: a New Form of Governance

I.    The pre-eminence of the State

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From the New Town to the Sustainable Town

A New Form of Governance1

Jean-Pierre MARCHETTI

Territorial Administrator Managing Director of the new agglomeration of Sénart

Creating a new town is never a straightforward task. You need a substantial amount of time and means, not counting a perfect coordination of all stakeholders involved.

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