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The European Community and the World

A Historical Perspective

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Edited By Giuliana Laschi

The European Community (EC) has taken on an outward-looking dimension over the years since its first establishment, developing structures and tools which are unprecedented in the history of international relations.
The original signatories of the Treaty of Rome accepted the idea of a «little» Europe only as a first step towards something that would be much bigger and more powerful; ultimately, they wanted to provide the EC with the international power necessary to realize the idea of the common market.
It is not possible to properly define the EC’s actions towards the rest of the world as «foreign policy» in every case and at every stage of its history; nevertheless, the EC has undoubtedly always played a strong and significant international role, even if this role has been expressed in an unconventional way compared to the international system.
This volume on European spaces and borders provides a meeting-point for a number of very different analyses and interpretations, from a variety of disciplinary, chronological and geopolitical perspectives, and in so doing develops a rich and complex debate.
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Europe and Chile. The case of Patagonia (1870–1914) (Raphaela Averkorn)

← 104 | 105 → Europe and Chile

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Raphaela AVERKORN

“Chile es parte de Occidente, como la sociedad iberoamericana o latinoamericana, aunque sea un hijo distante” (Joaquín Fermandois, Mundo y fin de mundo. Chile en la política mundial 1900–2004, Santiago de Chile 2005, 16).

Europe and Chile can claim a long-term relationship in the field of international relations. It is our aim to explain some aspects of these relations through the special example of Patagonia. Some phases of this relationship will be examined to underline the importance of Europe in the international relations strategy of Chile today.

The European Union is aware of the special importance of Chile in its network of foreign relations.1 Even today there are strong links between Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean that are frequently cited.2 Chile is an important partner within Latin America and the historical roots linking this state to Europe are still very present, as we can see in various speeches made e.g. by Herman van Rumpuy, José Manuel Barroso ← 105 | 106 → or Catherine Ashton during recent years3. Barroso in particular evoked historical links that have never been forgotten. Since its early beginnings, Chile has maintained strong cultural, political and economic connections to Europe that will last forever. They are of special importance in relation to the current Latin American and Caribbean policies of the EU.4

Therefore, it is very interesting to take a closer look at the historical roots of this special relationship. In general, the history...

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