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Borders, Mobilities and Migrations

Perspectives from the Mediterranean, 19–21st Century


Edited By Lisa Anteby-Yemini, Virginie Baby-Collin and Sylvie Mazzella

This book explores changes in the social, economic and political processes underpinning the mechanisms for the management of human mobility and cohabitation in the Mediterranean region, while suggesting comparisons with the situation in the Americas.
It considers the public policies that introduce such mechanisms at state, region or city level, and also explores the way that populations adapt to, breach or find ways of working around these systems.
The volume also attempts to evaluate the extent to which the reactions of the populations concerned can influence such systems. Relying on a historical perspective and covering a broad period of time from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century, this book questions the increasing influence of processes born out of globalization upon present readjustments of mobility and territorial configurations.
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Introduction of Procedures for Migration Controls in Greece. Case Study in the Aegean Islands (Laurence Pillant)


← 70 | 71 → Introduction of Procedures for Migration Controls in Greece

Case Study in the Aegean Islands

Laurence PILLANT

Changes in migration control procedures at Greek frontiers over the last 10 years, and in particular at the frontier between Greece and Turkey, could be described as ‘pluralist’, a term often used in contemporary research to describe a system of organizations, actors and identities by which individuals define themselves. Here it is used to describe how territories, actors and their relationships have been transformed in order to control migration.

As this border is located at the geographical intersection of maritime and terrestrial frontiers and close to a major migration crossroads (Istanbul), it has become a preferred option for clandestine entry into Europe by migrants from more distant countries.1 As a result, this and other geographical factors2 have led to a substantial increase in the number of illegal crossings by migrants in the Aegean Sea during the 2000s. More particularly, the islands in the Northern Aegean Sea3 have the second highest rate for arrests of illegal migrants entering Greece, after the Greek-Albanian frontier.4 The number of migrants5 arriving on these three islands increased substantially until 2009.6

← 71 | 72 → This border area has adapted to the passage of international migrants and, as a result, to submit to a number of transformations which will be discussed in this article. The first section describes the context of migratory flows across the Greek-Turkish border region and the...

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