The Response of the Parties in the 2014 Elections
Chapter II. Elements of the Democratic Deficit
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Elements of the Democratic Deficit
Why is the European Union not a genuine democracy?
The EU poses a major challenge to democratic theory because it is linked to the concept of “sovereignty”, so that the only empirical democracies are national. In fact, it is inevitable that, in comparison with the States, the EU is seen as less democratic precisely because its deficit with respect to this is structural and in this sense, to contextualise and differentiate the phenomenon what needs to be known previously is what this entity is before assuming what can be expected from it. Currently one can not demand something from the EU it can not give – because it is neither a multinational nor much less national State, its democratic level should not be required to be similar to or correspond with those systems. The democratic deficit in the EU could theoretically be overcome if it eventually converted itself into a real political community, but this is remote, lacking as it does many preconditions1.
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