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Modelling Dual-Use Trade Control Systems

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Odette Jankowitsch-Prevor, Quentin Michel and Sylvain Paile

The Chaudfontaine Group was established in 2010 as an annual two-day gathering of young Europeans with diverse academic backgrounds, including lawyers, economists and political scientists, from relevant national authorities, European institutions, scientific centres and industry. Its members are invited to discuss their respective viewpoints on the European trade of sensitive goods, focusing on the strategic issues confronting this sector in a rapidly evolving international context.
In December 2013, at its fourth conference, the Group met with African experts to debate the question of how African countries control the trade of dual-use items and the challenges they face in their search for effective regulations. The objective was to study whether international norms and experiences, pertaining both to states and to organisations, could be used as standardised models for African countries affected by unique security concerns.
This volume analyses and discusses those trade control systems which could be described as «models» and might therefore serve as a standard to be exported to the African countries in question. The debate is multi-levelled and studies the possibility of setting universal, regional or even-sub-regional norms.
The contributors to this book, who display a wide variety of expertise, call for the adoption of norms which they argue have the potential to reconcile freedom of trade with international security, without presuming that these norms should be universal.
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“Joined up Thinking”. The Pressing Need for Partnership in Compliance (Martin Palmer)

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The Pressing Need for Partnership in Compliance

Martin PALMER

Head of Export Controls – Transport Sector (Private)

This chapter looks at the forgotten few in export controls and strategic exports; the “Middlemen” or more accurately the “service providers”. For the purpose of this document the “service providers” are the carrier (air, sea, rail, road), transporter, freight forwarder, which contributes to the handling of the movement of goods from the seller, manufacturer, or supplier to the receiver, ship to address, end user, ultimate consignee, etc. In this chapter we will address some of the practical issues of the service providers, particularly the transport industry, the duplications and redundancies that exist, some of the costs of complying, and the desperate need for a true interdependency and partnership approach to export controls within the supply chain. Partnership including the manufacturers, the service providers, the law makers, and the law enforcers.

The ability to apply “joined up thinking” to assist in understanding all of the impacts within the international supply chain will allow smarter initiatives, more effective laws, and greater accountability and most importantly, a secured supply chain within an environment of global compliance.

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