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Modelling Dual-Use Trade Control Systems

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Odette Jankowitsch-Prevor, Quentin Michel and Sylvain Paile

The Chaudfontaine Group was established in 2010 as an annual two-day gathering of young Europeans with diverse academic backgrounds, including lawyers, economists and political scientists, from relevant national authorities, European institutions, scientific centres and industry. Its members are invited to discuss their respective viewpoints on the European trade of sensitive goods, focusing on the strategic issues confronting this sector in a rapidly evolving international context.
In December 2013, at its fourth conference, the Group met with African experts to debate the question of how African countries control the trade of dual-use items and the challenges they face in their search for effective regulations. The objective was to study whether international norms and experiences, pertaining both to states and to organisations, could be used as standardised models for African countries affected by unique security concerns.
This volume analyses and discusses those trade control systems which could be described as «models» and might therefore serve as a standard to be exported to the African countries in question. The debate is multi-levelled and studies the possibility of setting universal, regional or even-sub-regional norms.
The contributors to this book, who display a wide variety of expertise, call for the adoption of norms which they argue have the potential to reconcile freedom of trade with international security, without presuming that these norms should be universal.
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The EU Export Control Regime. Standards for the Walloon Region? (Anne-Valentine Rensonnet)

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Standards for the Walloon Region?

Anne-Valentine RENSONNET

University of Liège

Since the adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, export control has undergone an increased development around the world and export control regimes have been particularly developed in certain countries, notably in the United States of America, Japan and the European Union. This paper will show how the export control regime is developed in the Walloon Region in Belgium. We will try to see if the European Union dual-use export control regime constitutes a real model or only a set of prescriptions.

In order to answer this question, different aspects of the export control regime implemented in Belgium and particularly in the Walloon Region will be analysed. First, the existence of different levels of authority in the export control regime will be examined. Second, the authorities in charge of implementing export control regimes will be analysed. Third, the role of customs in the export control regime will be examined. Fourth, we will draw attention to awareness procedures for economic actors, and, finally, we will list the penalties applying in the case of non-compliance with the relevant laws.

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