Part 5: Decentring 1968 343
Part 5 Decentring 1968 Sofia Serenelli-Messenger 1968 in an Italian Province: Memory and the Everyday Life of a New Left Group in Macerata 1. Introduction In March 1971, when the Italian ‘1968’1 had already developed into wide- spread socio-political movements reaching the most remote and provin- cial areas,2 the small, isolated and rural town of Macerata (c.a. 40,000 inhabitants), in the Marche region of central Italy, also began to be affected by the dynamics of the political struggle. Previously unstudied, this local 1968 inevitably maintained most of the characteristics of the social and cultural context from which it was derived.3 This was particularly the case with regard to the role of the family, which was traditionally the basis of the structural and cultural identity of this province: structurally, in its roots in the long tradition of sharecropping, and culturally in the prevail- 1 Rather that as an ‘event’, in this paper ‘1968’ is considered as a ‘process’, i.e. the series of social movements from the mid 1960s through the middle of the following decade. When referred to as the year 1968, the inverted commas are not used. On the Italian debate on the nature of 1968 see S. Urso, ‘Il lungo decennio: l’Italia prima del ’68’, in N. Fasano and M. Renosio (eds), I giovani e la politica: il lungo ’68 (Turin: Ega, 2002), 18–25. 2 On the large and conflicting variety of the 1968 social movements see G. Crainz, Il Paese Mancato. Dal miracolo economico agli...
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