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Jews in Business and their Representation in German Literature 1827-1934

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John Ward

This book gives an account of the literary representation of Jews as businessmen from the early nineteenth century to the onset of the Third Reich. The historical context provides the background for an examination of the literary representation of Jewish businessmen and presents evidence for the perpetuation, transformation, and combination of stereotypes.
The double bind of assimilation – that the Jews were vilified whether they succeeded or failed – is illustrated from literary treatments by the Romantic writer Wilhelm Hauff and the early twentieth-century writers Lion Feuchtwanger and Paul Kornfeld of the historical figure of ‘Jud Süß Oppenheimer’. Gustav Freytag’s use of the Jews as ‘counter-ideals’ in his notorious bestseller Soll und Haben (1855) and the onset of racial anti-Semitism in Wihelm von Polenz’s Der Büttnerbauer (1895) are illustrative of how literary anti-Semitism hardened in the course of the nineteenth century.
The book considers a number of literary texts, some well known, some less familiar, which are revealing of the way in which Jewish–Gentile relations were imagined in their time.

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Index 245

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Index absolutism 1, 7, 23, 31, 33 Africa 116–117, 185–191, 202–204 agriculture 23, 46, 77, 84, 88, 223, 227 as topos in nationalist literature 78, 83 America 63 anima 173 see also persona anti-Semitism 195 and feminism 139 as social code 146–148, 200 early forms 81, 134, 138 economic anti-Semitism 96, 140, 165 in Wilhelmine officer corps 117 later forms 138–139, 151, 219 National Socialist anti-Semitism 107 origin of term 95 racial anti-Semitism 103, 140, 201, 227, 234 Radauantisemitismus 123 Asher, Saul 40 see also Jewish occupations Auerbach, Berthold 82–84, 88 Aulic Council 22 Austria 10, 14, 220, 224, 227–229 Bahr, Hermann 13, 215 banks 46, 78 see also Jewish occupations Bauernfeld, Eduard 94 see also anti-Semitism Berlin 183, 184, 189, 193, 200, 206, 206–215 expulsion of Jews from 53 Jewish plutocrats in 101, 121, 129, 143, 153 Jewish taxpayers in 232 Berliner Bewegung see Stoecker, Adolf Berliner Börsenzeitung 38 Bernays, Isaak 84–88 Bildungsbürgertum 40, 59, 66, 79, 87, 114, 173 Bismarck, Otto von 108 and Kulturkampf 11 attitude to Jews 141 reaction to Stoecker 141 relationship with Bleichröder 126 struggles with parliament 127 Bleichröder, Gerson von 20 ambiguity of social position 116 ennoblement of 128 mentioned in Die Poggenpuhls 154 relationship with Bismarck 126–128 social exclusion of 97, 127 treatment by Neue Preußische Zeitung 128–129 Blutschande see miscegenation Bolshevism 39 Börsenjude 108, 162 see also stock exchange Bourgeois Realism 2–4 Brieger-Wasservogel,...

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