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Revolution and Evolution


Edited By John Strachan and Alison O'Malley-Younger

The essays in this collection all revolve around the notion of change in Ireland, whether by revolution or by evolution. Developments in the shared histories of Ireland and Great Britain are an important theme throughout the book. The volume begins by examining two remarkable Irishmen on the make in Georgian London: the boxing historian Pierce Egan and the extraordinary Charles Macklin, eighteenth-century actor, playwright and manslaughterer. The focus then moves to aspects of Hibernian influence and the presence of the Irish Diaspora in Great Britain from the medieval period up to the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century celebrations of St Patrick’s Day in Manchester. The book also considers the very different attitudes to the British Empire evident in the career of the 1916 rebel Sir Roger Casement and the Victorian philologist and colonial servant Whitley Stokes. Further essays look at writings by Scottish Marxists on the state of Ireland in the 1920s and the pronouncements on the Troubles by John Lennon and Paul McCartney.
The book also examines change in the culture of the island of Ireland, from the development of the Irish historical novel in the nineteenth century, to ecology in contemporary Irish women’s poetry, to the present state of the Roman Catholic Church in Ireland. Contemporary Irish authors examined include Roddy Doyle, Joseph O’Connor and Martin McDonagh.


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Foreword ix MICHAEL O’NEILL Introduction 1 ALISON O’MALLEY-YOUNGER AND JOHN STRACHAN PART ONE – CHANGE Pierce Egan, West Briton 15 JOHN STRACHAN ‘Oh Horrible! An Irish Man’: Macklin, Friel and the Politics of Mimicry 37 ALISON O’MALLEY-YOUNGER Bryneich – Rìoghachd Ghàidhealach: The Gaelic Foundations of the Golden Age of Northumbria 61 PAUL L. YOUNGER ‘Plentiful Libations of Whisky, Perfervid Irish Oratory and Some Religious Sentiment’: Celebrating St Patrick’s Day in Manchester, 1825–1922 81 MERVYN BUSTEED Whitley Stokes’s Immram: Evolution, Ireland and Empire 101 ELIZABETH BOYLE viii PART TWO – REVOLUTION ‘Their Song Is Over’ (and Other Familiar Refrains): Irish Revolutions, Gyrations and Ululations from Lenin to Lennon 119 WILLY MALEY Respectability against Ascendancy: The Banim Brothers and the Invention of the Irish Catholic Middle-Class Novel in the Age of O’Connell 145 PATRICK MAUME Theatrical Representations of Easter 1916 and Sir Roger Casement: Flags, Walls and Cats 167 CATHERINE REES Reimagining the Irish Historical Novel in Roddy Doyle’s A Star Called Henry and Joseph O’Connor’s Star of the Sea 183 SYLVIE MIKOWSKI PART THREE – EVOLUTION Clearing the Air: Irish Women Poets and Environmental Change 195 LUCY COLLINS Contemporary Irish Catholicism: Revolution or Evolution? 211 EAMON MAHER Notes on Contributors 229 Index 233

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