CHAPTER XI Historicizing Painting of the 19th Century 231
Chapter XI Historicizing Painting of the 19th Century German national aspirations and the search for a national identity found an expression also in painting, especially in “Historienmalerei” (historicizing painting), and historicizing paintings, just like monuments, complement or supplement written historical records. Indeed, historicizing painting “is an important means to create and to propagate a national historical-political consciousness.”1 A full or in-depth study of the subject is not possible within the limits set to this book, but its relevance was suggested already in earlier chapters by reference to a number of historicizing paintings. There are many others, and some of them shall be briefly listed here: Angelika Kauffmann, “Hermann nach der Schlacht” (Hermann after the Battle), 1785. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck.2 Franz Pforr, “Der Einzug des Königs Rudolf von Habsburg in Basel 1273” (The Entry of King Rudolf von Habsburg in Basel), 1809/10. Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt, Inv.-Nr. HM 51.3 1 So Lemberg, Die Wandgemälde von Peter Janssen 21. 2 Bettina Baumgärtel, Angelika Kauffmann (Düsseldorf 1998) 395. Bemmann, Arminius 173 and ill. 5. 3 Andrews, The Nazarenes 25–26 and pl. 1 with notes, p. 91. Städel, Katalog 19. Jahrhundert 275–77 and pl. 9. Finke, German Painting 50 and pl. 33. Städel, Die Nazarener 61 and ill. B 10. Norman, Nineteenth Century 166. Rosenblum and Janson, 19th-Century Art 82–83 and ill. 52. Rudolf von Habsburg was laying siege to the city of Basel when, on 1 October 1273, he was elected King...
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