Show Less

Enlightened Rule

Portraits of Six Exceptional Twentieth Century Premiers

Paul Maylam

The twentieth century has been called an ‘age of catastrophe’, characterized by devastating wars and a general poverty of leadership at government level. This book, written in a more optimistic vein, offers biographical essays on six twentieth century heads of government – three from Latin America, and one each from Africa, Asia and Europe – who were exceptions to the norm. During their terms of office each displayed admirable qualities: moral authority, integrity, an egalitarian spirit, and a firm commitment to democracy, human rights, social justice and international peace. They shunned personality cults, grandiosity and conspicuous consumption. Their governance was shaped by high ideals, in the tradition of democratic socialism or social democracy, but also marked by pragmatism and an awareness that the realization of these ideals was not always practicable. Although some of the six became iconic, venerated figures, none of them are presented here as ‘heroes’ or ‘great leaders’. Each had failings and flaws, and each has been subject to critique. They are rather presented as government heads whose leadership has been worthy of deep respect and admiration. Had other premiers emulated their style of governance, twentieth century history would have taken a very different course.

Prices

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Index 311

Extract

Abacha, General 5, 288 Abascal, Salvador 105 Abdullah, Sheikh 194–5 Acevedo, Eduardo 51, 60 African National Congress (ANC) 257, 263, 264, 265, 278–81 African National Congress Youth League 256–7 Ahrens, Heinrich 31–2, 38 Allende, Salvador 23, 230 Amin, Idi 4–5 Amritsar 154 Arana, Francisco 122, 142 Arbenz, Jacobo 23, 118, 122, 137, 142, 144–6, 300 Arena, Domingo 48 Arévalo, Juan José 6, 9, 11, 13, 300 agrarian reform 119, 135–7 colonial legacy 10, 22, 148 commitment to democracy 127, 129–31, 138, 141 develops education 134–5 early life 124 economic policy 137–8 evaluation of 118, 148–50 foreign af fairs 138–41 ideas and outlook 117, 124–8, 130, 140–1 impact on Guatemala 23 opposition to 10, 131, 141–2 political activity 129 political inheritance 118–21, 128 post-presidential years 142–3 promotes worker rights 131–4 rise to power 122–4, 125–6 social reform 127, 134–5 spiritual socialism 117, 126–8, 141 Arias, Oscar 23 Armas, Colonel 146 Arzú, Alvaro 147 Attlee, Clement 23 Bandung conference 189 Barrios, Justo 120 Batlle, General Lorenzo 29, 30 Batlle y Ordóñez, José 6, 8, 11, 13 abolishes death penalty 46 assumes presidency 34–5, 40 attempted assassination of 40–1 attitude to Catholic Church 31, 32–3, 37, 39, 62 between presidential terms 49–51 character 35–7 Colorado Party, and the 33–4, 42, 47–8, 60–1, 66–7 commitment to democracy 64–5 commitment to...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.