Language Policies, Intercultural Antagonisms and Dialogue
Edited By Kamal Salhi
Farid Aitsiselmi - Language Planning in Algeria: Linguistic and Cultural Conflicts 377
FARID AITSISELMI Language Planning in Algeria: Linguistic and Cultural Conflicts This chapter analyses the linguistic situation in present-day Algeria and assesses the future of the French language as a result of the language policies implemented since the country gained independence from France in 1962. Despite the numerous Arabi sat ion laws introduced with the aim of imposing Arabic as the sole national language, Algeria is still a multi- lingual country where at least three languages are in competition.' The first language is Berber or Tamazight, which is the language of the indigenous people of North Africa. Although this language is men- tioned in none of the country's constitutions, it has succeeded in achiev- ing a certain degree of official recognition as a result of social pressure- including strikes, riots and demonstrations-from the Tamazight-speaking populations. The second language is Arabic, a diglossic language whose High variety has been declared constitutionally the national and official language of the country. It is used in all key domains, such as religion, government, education, the mass media, law, etc. The Low variety is viewed as a degraded form of pure Arabic and therefore has no official status. Like Tamazight, it is classed in the derogatory category 'dialect'. The objective of all governmental linguistic laws has been to eliminate all dialects and replace them with High Arabic. The third language is French, which is the country's linguistic inheritance from the colonial period. It has also been under attack, and its status as the main foreign language...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.