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Trade Union Revitalisation

Trends and Prospects in 34 Countries

Edited By Craig Phelan

Although trade unionism has been declining in virtually every part of the world, its continued demise is not a foregone conclusion. As it has throughout its history, trade unionism has demonstrated a capacity to adapt, to make its voice heard, to reassert its power. The scale and scope of experimentation taking place in the labour movement today is testimony not just to the depth of the crisis but also to the possibility of resurgence in the years ahead. This book is an essential resource for anyone wishing to know about contemporary labour issues. It offers a comprehensive introduction to the state of trade unionism in the world today, and the often innovative strategies and tactics trade unionists are using to revive their organisations in each of the major nations of the world. Leading labour scholars discuss, in clear prose, the health of the trade union movement, the present political and economic climate for trade union advancement, the dominant revitalisation strategies, and future prospects in each nation. Each chapter includes an up-to-date guide to further reading.

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Shifting Patterns in French Trade Unionism 159

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SYLVIE CONTREPOIS 1 Shifting Patterns in French Trade Unionism 1. Introduction As a new century begins, French trade unionism seems to be in a period of convalescence. It is divided, it has been weakened by a sub- stantial drop in membership, and it has suffered a significant loss of influence throughout the 1980s and 1990s. It has therefore lost most of its capacity for action and opposition. It nevertheless remains a key negotiating partner for employers and public authorities, who en- deavour to develop and strengthen the structures of social dialogue. One notable consequence is that a large number of French experts now regard trade unions as a set of institutions integrated into the main mechanisms of society, and whose ambition is nowadays not so much to put an end to the relationships of exploitation and domination that legitimated their creation, but rather to sustain the existence of the elite who control them (Labbé 1997). Yet the evolution of union organisations has not followed a clear- cut path. Even at the height of crisis, unions undertook to adapt to the structural transformations taking place in the wage-earning class, and their endeavours have met with some success. Moreover, in an extremely unfavourable economic, social and political environment (Contrepois 2003), they have sought the means to maintain their capacity for autonomous action. The first part of this chapter is an account of the evolution of the French trade unionism, with an emphasis on the specific aspects of the industrial relations model to...

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