Chapter 5 - Empirical Evidence 187
Chapter 5 Empirical Evidence Exemplar Housing Estates: 1945–1997 A number of underlying criteria have guided the selection of housing estates as exemplars of each period under study. The test cases are exam- ples of housing standards in the state sector (as the research field did not extend to the standards of housing produced in the private sector). The estates had been ‘vetted’ in some way for the acceptability of their stand- ards at the time of their construction. Housing projects produced by award-winning practices have been selected, in order to ensure that the comparison of standards in the dif ferent cases remained valid. These were projects designed by practices of similar calibre, with a proven professional and technical track record. They had shown that they could produce work that excelled within the orthodoxies of the time. Churchill Gardens, Lillington Street, Robin Hood Lane, Alton Estate, Rossetti Court, Hawksmoor site and Dover Court have been selected as examples of approved housing standards for each successive decade. They were built during periods when dif ferent standards were required of housing developments, as defined by the state. The comparison of space standards and amenity spaces in each helps to map changes in standards. Churchill Gardens, 1948–1962 Churchill Gardens was built on a bombed industrial area in Pimlico and covers a 33-acre site overlooking Battersea Power Station across the Thames. Known originally as the ‘Pimlico Housing Scheme’, it was part of 188 Chapter 5 an architectural competition conducted by Westminster City Council....
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