Religion, Ethics, and History in the French Long Seventeenth Century - La Religion, la morale, et l’histoire à l’âge classique
En juin 2006 un colloque sur le thème de la modernité pendant l’âge classique a réuni à St Catherine’s College, Oxford des spécialistes venus de huit pays pour représenter six sociétés savantes dont quatre françaises, une américaine, et une britannique. Vingt communications choisies parmi les meilleures sont recueillies dans le présent volume, sur des sujets aussi divers que la dévotion et la pornographie, l’artifice et la recherche de la vérité, Bruscambille et Pascal, l’historiographie tant du seizième siècle que de Voltaire et, bien entendu, la Querelle des Anciens et des Modernes.
Winchester: The British Versailles 311
GUY SNAITH Winchester: The British Versailles Once restored to the throne of Great Britain in 1660, Charles II was determined to return lustre to the Stuart dynasty.1 Strong has called the antebellum court of his father ‘the most brilliant and civilized court in Europe during the third decade of the seventeenth century, […] a focal point for everything of any importance that was happening within Europe in the arts’,2 and Jardine comments that ‘continuity with his father’s reign was much on Charles II’s mind’.3 One of Charles I’s last projects had been the reconstruction of the Palace of Whitehall, the London residence of the monarch. For nine years, wandering the continent, the uncrowned Charles II had been received in many royal palaces, and, as Downes writes: ‘In exile Charles II had seen, in Paris and The Hague, contemporary architecture and decoration on a grand scale, including the Huis ten Bosch and recent work in the Louvre’.4 He returned to an England which, because of the years of civil war and interregnum, had seen little new building for decades. The amateur architect Sir Roger Pratt could declare: ‘Architecture here has not received those advantages which it has in other parts, it continuing almost still as rude here as it was at the very first’.5 He likewise opined: ‘There is no doubt that the most beautiful 1 I am grateful to Winchester Museums’ Historic Resources Centre, the Hamp- shire Record Office, the Codrington Library of All Souls College, Oxford, and Dr Ted...
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