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Totalitarian and Authoritarian Discourses

A Global and Timeless Phenomenon?

Edited By Lutgard Lams, Geert Crauwels and Henrieta Anisoara Serban

This volume offers a comparative analysis of the functioning of totalitarian and authoritarian discourses and their aftermath. Whereas other studies often focus on communist/post-communist examples and hence particularize totalitarian discourse, this book starts from a more encompassing theoretical perspective, transcending the limitation of totalitarian discourse to its communist constituent.
The case studies presented in this volume thus provide a more differentiated analysis of discursive strategies in totalitarian and authoritarian regimes across the globe, including the former East Germany, former Yugoslavia, Romania, Lithuania, China, North Korea, the Philippines, Burma, Cuba and Tunisia. In addition to this geographical range, these studies also undertake new research into different eras, enabling comparison between past and present discourses. The findings are presented in three interconnected sections dealing with culture and education, media and official discourse, and power structures and politics. The extended scope of the case studies reveals the universal characteristics of totalitarian/authoritarian discourses over space and time.

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2008 Constitution (Myanmar) 285–6 AFPFL (Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League, Burma) 274–5, 277–9, 291 agitation 63, 64, 68, 77, 90 Agitprop 222, 223, 224 Agpalo, Remigio 175 Alaungpaya, U Aung Zeya (Burmese king, 1714–1760) 270–1 Americans 47, 132, 133, 136, 145, 148, 160 Anacker, Heinrich 6, 105, 111, 112 Anawrahta (Burmese King, 1014–1077) 270–2 Anderson, Benedict 160 Andrews, Ernest 5, 187, 188, 190, 196, 202, 246 antagonism 193 anti-communist discourse see discourse anti-elites 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 307, 308, 309 anti-fascism 69, 79 Arab Spring 329 Arendt, Hannah 26, 29, 36, 185, 257, 311, 314, 321, 328, 331 Aung San 271–3, 275, 277 Aung San–Attlee Agreement 277 Aung San Suu Kyi 267, 280, 284, 287 authoritarianism 159, 165, 172, 176, 181 authoritarian regimes 1–5, 17, 159, 164, 181, 315 authoritative discourse see discourse authoritarian conversation 164 authoritarian language see language autocratic language see language autogolpe 160, 180, 182 Ba Hein 275, 276 Bakaric, Vladimir 219 Bakhtin, Mikhail 18 barangay 168, 177, 178 Barangay Democracy (the Philippines) 177 Batasang Pambansa (the Philippines) 177 Baudrillard, Jean 294 Bayinnaung (Burmese King 1516–1581) 270–1 Ben Ali, Zain Al Abidin 313, 315, 316, 321, 323, 324, 325, 327, 328 Betea, Lavinea 295, 301 BIA (Burma Independence Army) 273, 274, 276 Bible 99, 100, 104, 108, 112 Bisky, Jens 61, 65, 66, 67, 71, 73, 74, 76, 79, 84, 89, 93, 94, 96 BNA (Burma National Army) 274...

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