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To Veil or not to Veil

Europe’s Shape-Shifting ‘Other’

Series:

Kamakshi P. Murti

Immigration has become a contentious issue in Europe in recent decades, with immigrants being accused of resisting integration and threatening the secular fabric of nationhood. The most extreme form of this unease has invented and demonized an Islamic ‘other’ within Europe. This book poses central questions about this global staging of difference. How has such anxiety increased exponentially since 9/11? Why has the Muslim veil been singled out as a metaphor in debates about citizenship? Lastly, and most fundamentally, who sets the criteria for constructing the ideal citizen?
This study explores the issue of gender and immigration in the national contexts of Germany and France, where the largest minority populations are from Turkey and North Africa, respectively. The author analyzes fictional works by the Turkish-German writers Emine Sevgi Özdamar and Zafer Şenocak and by Francophone writer Malika Mokeddem. All three deconstruct binary oppositions and envision an alternate third space that allows them to break out of the confines of organized religion. In the latter part of the book, the voices of young Muslim women are foregrounded through interviews. The concluding chapter on the pedagogical tool Deliberative Dialogue suggests ways to navigate such contentious issues in the Humanities classroom.

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“9/11” 2, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 18, 21, 126, 134, 176, 182, 184, 211 Abizadeh, Arash 25 Abu-Lughod, Lila 38–39, 148 acculturation 46, 77 Adelson, Leslie 72, 142; “Against Between” 56, 60, 79; “Coordi- nates of Orientation” 185; The Turkish Turn 47, 54–55, 58–59, 61–64, 69, 76, 142, 144–145, 151–152 Ahmed, Leila 130, 132 n. 6, 166, 168, 176 Ali, Tariq 9, 10 Alice in Wonderland, see Carroll, Lewis alienation 89, 91, 93–94, 97, 120–121 anti-Semitism 5 Anzaldua, Gloria 6, 7, 127 Appadurai, Arjun 12, 15, 17–18 archetypes, see literature asceticism 75, 79, 88, 100, 121 assimilation 29, 34, 45–46, 84, 89–90, 114, 141, 144, 155, 157, 168 Atatürk, Kemal 142 Bachmann, Ingeborg 94 backwardness 4, 43, 60, 127, 156, 160, 161, 186, 198, 208, 209; see also illiteracy; third-world Bakhtiar, Laleh 166–167 Bakhtin, Mikhail 65, 111 Bartkowski, John 130–131, 147, 157, 162, 170; see also Ghazal-Read, Jen’nan Berlin, divided 62, 64–65; see also mir- rors/mirroring; gaze, fractured Beur 105, 106; see also migrants Bhabha, Homi 7, 85–86 Bhatti, Anil 24, 25, 44, 46, 47 Bird, Stephanie 63–64 Blackbourn, David 34–35; see also Ely, Geof f blackness (as racial category) 5–7, 19, 20, 41, 83–84, 120, 128, 168, 203; see also Fanon, Frantz Blick, schielender 65 Bodenschatz, Harald 104 bodies 50, 67, 78, 128–129, 149, 155; black body (Fanon) 7, 83; Christian body 6; colonizer’s body 115;...

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