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Tyrol or Not Tyrol

Theatre as History in Südtirol/Alto Adige

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Nóra de Buiteléir

On 19 June 1992 Austria and Italy declared the official resolution of the South Tyrol question – the dispute that had dominated relations between the two countries since the end of the First World War. While this bilingual province is today held up as a triumph of minority rights protection and a model for post-conflict societies across the world, the story of the South Tyrol since its amalgamation into the Italian state in 1919 has been a complex and often turbulent one.
This book investigates the political role of the theatre in reflecting, shaping and subverting patterns of cultural identity among the German-speaking South Tyrolese. Taking as its starting point the representation of history in a series of ambitious theatrical productions from the 1970s to the present, this study offers close readings of texts and performances and an examination of the belated development of professional theatre in the province. The role of theatre is analysed in terms of the broader historical and sociocultural factors at play in the shaping of South Tyrolese identity.

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agitprop theatre 21, 33 Alleanza Nazionale 151, 168 Alpini 124, 145–6, 152 amateur theatre 21, 62, 193, 197 under fascism 16, 18 in the Italian community 81 in the Ladin community 4n of ficial support for 23, 108, 198 see also professional theatre; Südtiroler Theaterverband; Volkstheater Andreas Hofer League 66, 180, 191 assimilation 140, 147–8, 162 fear of 18 audiences 34, 37, 40, 42, 51, 63, 65–6, 71, 72, 82, 85, 86, 101, 102, 127–8, 129, 134, 156, 169, 175, 176, 196, 198 Austria 3, 15, 83, 86, 109, 123, 136, 143n, 146, 153, 180, 201, 191, 196 diplomatic relations with Italy 1, 97, 150 experience of Optanten in 73, 74, 76 historiographical trends in 33 as Mutterkulturraum 18, 20 Austro-Hungarian Empire see Habsburg Empire BAS (Befreiungsausschuss Südtirol) 143n Bergisel, Battle of (1809) 13, 179, 181 see also Hofer, Andreas Bernardi, Marco 155, 156, 169, 170 bilingualism 6, 16, 73, 90, 91, 92, 94, 100, 102, 121, 147, 157, 158 of ficial provisions for 98, 100, 132, 142 in theatre 3, 101, 133, 169, 170, 175–7, 201 Bolzano/Bozen 4, 6, 18, 45, 68, 95, 108, 132, 146, 151–2, 155, 156, 158, 168, 168, 170, 186 bombing campaign 86n, 92n, 98, 143, 144n, 186, 199–200 Bossi-Fedrigotti, Anton 31, 42 Brecht, Bertolt 33, 53, 195 Die Rundköpfe und die Spitzköpfe 96–7, 101–3 Brixen/Bressanone 28, 29, 35, 36, 45, 106, 107, 109, 111, 126 cabaret, political 21, 107n, 108 Cainero,...

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