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Hospitals and Communities, 1100-1960

Christopher Bonfield, Jonathan Reinarz and Teresa Huguet-Termes

Published by Peter Lang in 2007, The Impact of Hospitals 300-2000 (ed. Henderson, Horden and Pastore) comprised a selection of the papers delivered at two conferences (in 1999 and 2001) that were organised by the International Network for the History of Hospitals (INHH). The present volume, based on the Network’s 2009 Barcelona conference, offers a new, wide-ranging collection of papers on the theme of ‘Hospitals and Communities’. It discusses a select group of hospitals and communities, including those based in Europe and the Americas, from three main perspectives: isolation and disease, communities and the poor, and war and hospitals.
The subject of community has been researched extensively by sociologists and anthropologists, less so by historians. The 2009 conference challenged participants to consider the idea of community in relationship to the hospital and, particularly, to reflect on how historians should approach the wide range of communities that continue to be shaped by the work of these institutions. Collectively, the case studies in this volume demonstrate that navigation of the history of hospitals requires an understanding of the societies in which these institutions operated. In other words, hospital histories are not just stories about medical institutions; they offer considerable insight into the communities in which they were situated and with which they intersected.

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List of Illustrations and Tables ix Preface xiii Jonathan Reinarz, Christopher Bonfield and Teresa Huguet-Termes Introduction: Hospitals and Communities 1 Communities and Isolation 19 John Henderson ‘More Feared than Death Itself ’? Isolation Hospitals and Plague in Seventeenth-Century Florence 21 Jane Stevens Crawshaw ‘Islands of Isolation?’ The lazaretti of Early Modern Venice 45 Rafaël Hyacinthe ‘Living for the Dead of Jerusalem’: Medical Isolation and Holy Deeds in the leprosarium of Jerusalem during the Crusades 75 Rita Pemberton Isolation and Disease: The Separation of Patients in the Hospitals of Trinidad and Tobago, 1876–1938 97 vi Communities and the Poor 123 Carole Rawclif fe Communities of the Living and of the Dead: Hospital Confraternities in the Later Middle Ages 125 Teresa Huguet-Termes Pensandi, curandi, et visitandi infirmos et pauperes: Hospital(s), Health and Politics in Barcelona, c. 1337–1417 155 Josep M. Comelles Hospitals, Political Economy and Catalan Cultural Identity 183 Laurinda Abreu The Portuguese Hospitals under the Misericórdias’ Confraternities (16th–18th Centuries): Community or Crown Control? 209 Hidden (or Reluctant) Communities 237 Carmen M. Mangion ‘Meeting a Well-Known Want’: Catholic Specialist Hospitals for Long-Term Medical Care in Late Nineteenth-Century England and Wales 239 Debbie McCollin Chacachacare: The Island of Lepers, 1922–1979 263 vii Stephen Kenny Slave Hospitals in the Antebellum American South 291 Communities and War 325 Jon Arrizabalaga, Pablo Larraz-Andía and Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez Between Medical Innovation and War Propaganda: The Irache Hospital during the Second Carlist War, 1873–1876 327 Peter Waldron...

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