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Cosmopolitan Modernity

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Anastasia Marinopoulou

This book examines recent debates on the political dynamics of cosmopolitanism, particularly in its connection with European civil society and the public sphere. The aim of the volume is to trace to what extent cosmopolitanism corresponds to «second modernity», with the latter concept referring to the potential for consensus, the creation of multiple political alternatives and the recognition of otherness. The book accordingly explores questions about democratic legitimacy and the formation of social and political institutions and presents empirical research on phenomena such as global violence.
The volume is intended to constitute a cosmopolitan project in itself, comprising contributions from scholars with very diverse approaches. Together, these contributions provide a stimulating analysis of what cosmopolitanism can offer to socially and politically diverse twenty-first-century societies.

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Introduction: The Origins of the Second Modernity – Any Political Prospects? (Anastasia Marinopoulou)

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Anastasia Marinopoulou Introduction: The Origins of the Second Modernity – Any Political Prospects? But now I hear called out on all sides: do not argue! The officer says: do not argue, just drill! The tax collector says: do not argue, just pay! The clergyman says: do not argue, just believe! … I answer: the public use of one’s reason must be free at all times, and this alone can bring about enlightenment among humans.1 —Immanuel Kant The core idea of a cosmopolitan modernity is captured by Kant in the quote above, that is, that the progress of humanity requires a free and continuous use of reason. Uncoerced public dialogue is, for Kant, the cosmopolitan moment. The aim of the present volume was to formulate theses, antith- eses and controversies on the cosmopolitan which would not necessarily be a pure interpretation of this Kantian notion but would, nevertheless, attempt to combat misconceptions and the vagueness often attached to cos- mopolitan perspectives. Cosmopolitanism is often viewed in the literature on politics and social criticism either as the potential of the national state or as facilitating the political and economic federation of a multiplicity of sovereign states. Both considerations are obsolete and dystopian in char- acter. The series of essays comprised in this volume attempt to introduce and constitute an overall assessment of the irrelevance of cosmopolitanism to both hypotheses concerning federalism and national states. 1 Cited in Jeremy Waldron, ‘Kant’s Theory of the State’, in Immanuel Kant, Toward Perpetual Peace (New Haven: Yale University...

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