Edited By Anastasia Marinopoulou
The volume is intended to constitute a cosmopolitan project in itself, comprising contributions from scholars with very diverse approaches. Together, these contributions provide a stimulating analysis of what cosmopolitanism can offer to socially and politically diverse twenty-first-century societies.
8 Defining Cosmopolitanism: European Politics of the Twenty-First Century (Anastasia Marinopoulou)
Anastasia Marinopoulou 8 Defining Cosmopolitanism: European Politics of the Twenty-First Century1 While one can fight against the national state, one has to defend the ‘universal’ functions it fulfils, which can be fulfilled as well, or better, by a supranational state. If we do not want it to be the Bundesbank, which, through interest rates, governs the financial policies of various states, should we not fight for the creation of a supranational state, relatively autonomous with respect to international political forces and national political forces and capable of developing the social dimension of the European institutions? … Historically, the state has been a force for rationalization, but one which has been put at the service of the domi- nant forces. To prevent this being the case … [w]e need to develop a new internationalism, at least at the regional level of Europe, which could offer an alternative to the regression into nationalism which, as a result of the crisis, threatens all the European countries to some degree. This would imply constructing institutions that are capable of standing up to these forces of the financial market, and introducing – the Germans have a wonderful word for this – a Regressionsverbot, a ban on backward movement with respect to social gains at the European level. —Pierre Bourdieu, ‘The “Globalization” Myth and the Welfare State’, in Acts of Resistance, p. 41 1 The author wishes to thank the Center for Hellenic Studies of Harvard University in Greece and in particular Dr Christos Giannopoulos, who provided helpful solutions...
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