Towards a Democratic Scenario
Edited By Pedro Ibarra Güell and Åshild Kolås
This book describes the contemporary re-imagining of Basque nationhood in both Spain and France. Taking a fresh look at the history of Basque nationalist movements, it explores the new debates that have emerged since the demise of non-state militancy. Alongside analysis of local transformations, it also describes the impact of global changes on ideas about Basque self-determination.
Asier Blas – 4 Identity, Territoriality and Basque Secessionism: The Issue of Navarre
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4Identity, Territoriality and Basque Secessionism: The Issue of Navarre
In recent years, secessionist projects in Scotland and Catalonia have been strengthened. In the Basque country, however, no consistent plan is in the pipeline. This can be explained by at least four important factors that are obstructing the Basque secessionist project. On the one hand, there are more or less situational factors, represented by the behaviour of political elites and the still-fresh aftermath of the violence carried out by ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna – Basque Homeland and Liberty) in the name of the Basque people. On the other hand, we find two closely related factors of a structural nature, which are preconditions for developing a viable secessionist project. The first of the structural factors has to do with a deep political segmentation, within which we may distinguish three mobilized ‘nationalist’ groups engaged in a dispute over Basque sovereignty: the Basque nationalists (who claim that the Basque country is a sovereign nation with the right to self-determination), the Basque Spanish nationalists and the Basque French nationalists (who dispute the idea of Basque sovereignty). The second of the structural factors, related to the first, is the problem of territoriality. The Basque country is divided between two states (France and Spain), and the Spanish part is further divided into the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country (ACBC, made up of three provinces: Araba, Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa) and the Chartered Community of Navarre (CCN). Consequently, one of the...
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