The Relationship between Temple and Agriculture in the Book of Haggai
The Book of Haggai is primarily concerned with agriculture and the temple. This analysis of Haggai includes an examination of the temple’s reconstruction from a historical and economic point of view, with agriculture playing a central role. Archaeological records are examined and show that prized commodities such as olives and grapes were produced in and around Jerusalem in large quantities and exported all over the ancient Near East.
This book is intended to shed new light on the value of agriculture for the people of Judah and the whole imperial economy. It also presents a new interpretation of the Book of Haggai and a new perspective on the temple economy in Jerusalem.
Chapter 4: Judah in the Achaemenid Economy: Hag 1:1–15
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Judah in the Achaemenid Economy: Hag 1:1–15
In this chapter, I will do an exegesis of Hag 1:1–15 in which I will examine how the province of Judah was constituted in the imperial economic structure implemented by Darius. In the second year of his reign (520 BCE), Darius charged Judah with rebuilding the Jerusalem temple. Through orders to rebuild the Jerusalem temple, Darius wanted to expand the imperial economy.
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