An Interpretation of Selected Novels
The novels are explored from the standpoint of psychoanalytical criticism, a tool particularly appropriate for examining Zola’s language and illuminating the recurrent theme of «the Return of the repressed». Four psychoanalytical theories are adopted: Nicolas Abraham’s and Maria Toroks’ theories of psychic development (presenting the concept of the phantom) and Sigmund Freud’s and Jacques Lacan’s theories of infantile sexuality.
Chapter 2: The Death-Drive and the Return of the Repressed in La Fortune des Rougon, Thérèse Raquin and Madeleine Férat
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The Death-Drive and the Return of the Repressed in La Fortune des Rougon, Thérèse Raquin and Madeleine Férat
‘But he [the narrator] little knows what surprises lie in wait for him, if someone were to set about analysing the mass of truth and falsehoods which he has collected here.’
— ‘DR. S’, ITALO SVEVO, Confessions of Zeno.1
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