Edith Stein’s Phenomenology and Christian Philosophy
Hedwig Conrad-Martius und Edith Stein Husserls Schülerinnen und die aristotelisch-thomistische Philosophie
← 392 | 393 →JERZY MACHNACZ
ABSTRACT: Hedwig Conrad-Martius and Edith Stein belong to the most gifted of Husserl’s students from his time in Göttingen. It is an interesting question why they both engaged with Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas; what did they hope for? The reality and objectivity of Husserl’s philosophy exercised a great pull. In 1910 Conrad-Martius came from Munich to Göttingen, and in 1919 Stein came from Breslaw (Wrocław). In the first half of the twentieth century philosophers of nature stood before the important task of interpreting ontologically significant discoveries in the natural sciences. Conrad-Martius meant that the Aristotelian philosophy (hylomorphism) was fit for this task, one just had to give it the right depth. Thus she develops a theory of transphysical reality. It is an interesting interpretation of organic and inorganic nature. It cannot, however, be understood as a renewal or exploration of Aristotelian-thomistic philosophy. Stein’s interest in the philosophy of St Thomas is occasioned by her religious and scientific life: to a Christian life a Christian philosophy corresponds. She attempts to rise from the proper, finite being of the I to eternal being. Stein is convinced that the collaboration between modern (Husserl) and classical (Thomas) philosophy is possible and necessary, and brings with it an epistemologically secured apparatus and new fields of research.
‘Bekannte Unbekannte’ – unter diesem Titel ist nach dem Tode von Conrad-Martius ein Artikel erschienen. Sie, als eine der begabten Schülerinnen von E. Husserl, war sehr bekannt, aber...
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