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Occupying Space in Medieval and Early Modern Britain and Ireland

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Edited By Gregory Hulsman and Caoimhe Whelan

This collection offers a range of interdisciplinary viewpoints on the occupation of space and theories of place in Britain and Ireland throughout the medieval and early modern periods. It considers space in both its physical and abstract sense, exploring literature, history, art, manuscript studies, religion, geography and archaeology. The buildings and ruins still occupying our urban and rural spaces bridge the gap between the medieval and the modern; manuscripts and objects hold keys to unlocking the secrets of the past. Focusing on the varied uses of space enriches our understanding of the material culture of the medieval and early modern period. The essays collected here offer astute observations on this theme and generate new insights into areas such as social interaction, cultural memory, sacred space and ideas of time and community.
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‘Spaces of Retir’d Integritie’: The Relocation of Home in the Royalist Poetry of Katherine Philips (Sonya Cronin)

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← 168 | 169 →SONYA CRONIN

‘Spaces of Retir’d Integritie’: The Relocation of Home in the Royalist Poetry of Katherine Philips

Between 1646 and 1660 the English Parliament issued no fewer than eighteen acts, ordinances and proclamations in response to intelligence gathered on planned royalist uprisings.1 Included among these was an act of banishment which insisted that ‘all Papists, and all Officers and Soldiers of Fortune and Divers and other Delinquents […] depart out of the cities of London and Westminster, and late Lines of Communication, and all other places within twenty miles of the said late Lines’, failing which ‘such persons shall be apprehended and imprisoned without bail or mainprize’.2 These orders and the enforced removal of all royalists from London and Westminster caused waves of exiles to be dispersed internally throughout Britain and still more abroad. Philip Major determines that ‘the subject of internal exile […] during this period has remained comparatively understudied’ and that the literary response to this ‘Act for Banishment’ is to be found in many royalist or Cavalier poems.3

The chronological sequence of events which led to the exodus of royalists did, however, begin as early as 1641. The Queen’s circle was scattered as ← 169 | 170 →parliament conducted interrogations, demanded arrests and petitioned for the banishment of court papists leading to many papists taking flight. The papists were not the only group under threat. In 1644, after a series of military disasters, and culminating in his defeat at Marston Moor, William Newcastle,...

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