Edited By Gregory Hulsman and Caoimhe Whelan
‘Spaces of Retir’d Integritie’: The Relocation of Home in the Royalist Poetry of Katherine Philips (Sonya Cronin)
← 168 | 169 →SONYA CRONIN
‘Spaces of Retir’d Integritie’: The Relocation of Home in the Royalist Poetry of Katherine Philips
Between 1646 and 1660 the English Parliament issued no fewer than eighteen acts, ordinances and proclamations in response to intelligence gathered on planned royalist uprisings.1 Included among these was an act of banishment which insisted that ‘all Papists, and all Officers and Soldiers of Fortune and Divers and other Delinquents […] depart out of the cities of London and Westminster, and late Lines of Communication, and all other places within twenty miles of the said late Lines’, failing which ‘such persons shall be apprehended and imprisoned without bail or mainprize’.2 These orders and the enforced removal of all royalists from London and Westminster caused waves of exiles to be dispersed internally throughout Britain and still more abroad. Philip Major determines that ‘the subject of internal exile […] during this period has remained comparatively understudied’ and that the literary response to this ‘Act for Banishment’ is to be found in many royalist or Cavalier poems.3
The chronological sequence of events which led to the exodus of royalists did, however, begin as early as 1641. The Queen’s circle was scattered as ← 169 | 170 →parliament conducted interrogations, demanded arrests and petitioned for the banishment of court papists leading to many papists taking flight. The papists were not the only group under threat. In 1644, after a series of military disasters, and culminating in his defeat at Marston Moor, William Newcastle,...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.