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«Desaparición»

Argentina’s Human Rights Trials

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Edited By Gabriele Andreozzi

The current situation in Argentina is unprecedented. In compliance with prescribed timings and procedures, the crimes committed by the state in recent history are being prosecuted and penalized. This book traces the path of the trials for crimes against humanity in Argentina, from the Trial of the Juntas that began during the presidency of Raúl Alfonsín to current developments under Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, analysing the ideas of memory, truth and justice. In the volume, judges, lawyers, historians, journalists and witnesses from the era of terror give a lucid and critical reconstruction of the last thirty years. The contributors also point to other states where crimes against humanity are still being committed on a daily basis, despite being notionally proscribed.
This book is translated from Spanish, originally appearing under the title Juicios por crímenes de lesa humanidad en Argentina (2011).
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The Role of Testimony as a Tool for the Creation of a Political Project

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← 234 | 235 → VERA VIGEVANI DE JARACH

“Silence is health”: this was the “advice” given to the entire society during the years of the civil-military dictatorship. In reality it was not a simple warning, but rather a form of intimidation, an ongoing and latent threat. It should be said that, in reality, when the terror was established, the greater part of the population fell silent. And, unfortunately, it was directly or indirectly complicit in what was happening. In some cases, it explicitly showed itself to be allied to the execution of those sinister plans of bloody repression and massacres which resulted in a real genocide designed to eliminate any form of opposition or resistance to de facto power. In itself, what was intended was the prevention of the realization of those social and economic changes which constituted the common project of a generation whose goal was to achieve a better, more just world, with equal opportunities for all and with full respect for human rights within a framework of full democracy and full freedom. Nevertheless, we recognize that not everyone complied with the mandate of Silence. Or, rather, that there was also a silence of quite a different nature and depth. It was a silence which, in truth, it sounded almost like a cry, and was repeated systematically every Thursday from 30 April 1977 in the Round of the Madres of the Plaza de Mayo. In that silent round the Madres always demanded answers, clarifications of those tragic disappearances...

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