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Argentina’s Human Rights Trials


Gabriele Andreozzi

The current situation in Argentina is unprecedented. In compliance with prescribed timings and procedures, the crimes committed by the state in recent history are being prosecuted and penalized. This book traces the path of the trials for crimes against humanity in Argentina, from the Trial of the Juntas that began during the presidency of Raúl Alfonsín to current developments under Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, analysing the ideas of memory, truth and justice. In the volume, judges, lawyers, historians, journalists and witnesses from the era of terror give a lucid and critical reconstruction of the last thirty years. The contributors also point to other states where crimes against humanity are still being committed on a daily basis, despite being notionally proscribed.
This book is translated from Spanish, originally appearing under the title Juicios por crímenes de lesa humanidad en Argentina (2011).
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History and Memory: Some Theoretical Investigations for the Latin American Context



The present work proposes to review some of the conceptual parameters necessary for framing the problematic of history and memory in the specific Argentinean context in its theoretical and genealogical relations with the social sciences and the doctrinal corpus of human rights. The Argentinean context is understood in turn as part of the Latin American context.

In the first place, it is a question of dealing with the matrix of the human rights, understood as a collection of social practices, susceptible of proposing paths of coexistence in contemporary societies organized around a regime of biopolitical production. Beyond its politico-philosophical foundations, the discourse of human rights will have to be considered as a system capable of delimiting or preventing the emergence of extreme situations.

In the second place, the reference to the social sciences contributes to establishing the relations between the problematics of memory and historiography on the one hand and the polemics of the present on the other. The problem pointed to by the discrepancy between the consideration of the traumatic past and the socio-political problems of the present has become a taken for granted motif. The question about the genealogical articulation between both dimensions examines the question of the regime of biopolitical production as an analytical foundation of the contemporary forms of collective life.

In the third place, trauma and violence are experiences which have been linked to anthropological transformations and are heralded as part of the...

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