Edited By Jolanta Szpyra-Kozłowska and Eugeniusz Cyran
The papers collected in this volume examine selected aspects of the interaction of phonology with phonetics, morphosyntax and the lexicon in a variety of languages including Korean, Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese, British English, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Dutch and Hawaiian. In order to approach the role and ways of expressing extraphonological information in phonology, the international contributors adopt different methods of analysis (data gathering, experiments, theoretical discussions), couched in various theoretical frameworks (such as Optimality Theory and Government Phonology), which reveal both the multifarious faces and interfaces of modern phonological research.
Consonant deletion in online adaptation of Polish and Ukrainian consonant clusters by native speakers of English (Marek Radomski and Kateryna Sydorenko)
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Marek Radomski and Kateryna Sydorenko
Consonant deletion in online adaptation of Polish and Ukrainian consonant clusters by native speakers of English
This paper is a report on two online loanword adaptation experiments in which native speakers of British English were asked to reproduce foreign words containing CC consonant clusters prohibited in English. The source languages were Polish and Ukrainian respectively, both of which allow a considerably wider range of consonant clusters than English. The experiments were modelled on studies by Davidson (2001) and Haunz (2007).
This paper deals with the least frequent repair strategy attested in both the Polish and the Ukrainian study, namely consonant deletion. The segment which frequently undergoes elision in both experiments is the voiceless velar fricative [x]. We argue that a phonological analysis of [x] deletion as resulting from a straightforward application of the native English phonological constraint against dorsal fricatives fails to account for the variation in the data. Instead, we claim that [x] deletion takes place in perception and its rate depends on the segmental context in which it is found. The loss of [x] is more likely to occur when the other segment in a CC sequence is voiceless than when it is voiced.
The process of loanword adaptation invariably triggers certain modifications in the shape of the words which are borrowed from the source to the target language. It is the phonological grammar of the recipient...
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