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Pluricentric Languages and Non-Dominant Varieties Worldwide

Part I: Pluricentric Languages across Continents. Features and Usage

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr

This is the first of two thematically arranged volumes with papers that were presented at the "World Conference of Pluricentric Languages and their non-dominant Varieties" (WCPCL). It comprises papers about 20 PCLs and 14 NDVs around the world. The second volume encompasses a further 17 papers about the pluricentricity of Portuguese and Spanish. The conference was held at the University of Graz (Austria) on July 8th-11th 2015. The papers fall into five categories: (1) Theoretical aspects of pluricentricity and the description of variation; (2) Different types of pluricentricity in differing environments; (3) African pluricentric languages and non-dominant varieties; (4) The pluricentricity of Arabic and Asian languages; (5) The pluricentricity of European languages inside Europe (Austrian German, Bosnian/Serbian/Croatian, Hungarian, Belgium Dutch, French, Greek, Swedish, Russian).

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Problems and advantages of looking at Hungarian as a pluricentric language

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Abstract

Although there are a number of publications available on certain aspects of the pluricentricity of the Hungarian language, no basic research has been devoted to general arguments for and against looking at this language as pluricentric. This is what this paper sets out to investigate: the pros and cons of treating Hungarian as a pluricentric language. A lot of facts need to be taken into consideration in this context, such as the official status of the different (non-dominant) varieties of Hungarian, the linguistic distance among these varieties, the number of their speakers, their degree of codification, the acceptance of pluricentricity by the given speech community, its relevance in identity formation, etc. Various issues related to this basic problem are addressed in this paper.

1.   Hungarian as a pluricentric language – What has been researched so far?

Very few studies have been devoted to the description of Hungarian as a pluricentric language in general, even though there are a number of publications about certain specific aspects of different (non-dominant) varieties of this language. The main goal of this paper is to provide a solid theoretical and conceptual framework for further studies dealing with any aspect of the pluricentricity of the Hungarian language, since stable theoretical foundations have been lacking for a long time. One of the more general studies about the pluricentricity of Hungarian is Kenesei (2006), who mainly deals with typological issues, placing the Hungarian language in the system of pluricentric languages...

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