Even though comprehensive studies on political systems in the third wave of democratization have been made in the field of transformation, the situation in the Western Balkans remained underexposed. The reason for this might be that the fall of Yugoslavia and the emergence of new states are events that are to be attributed to the third wave of democratization. As Croatia has chosen the path of democracy, others still have problems with the rule of law. This book draws the political culture approach as a focal point providing a comprehensive understanding of transformations. The aim of this volume is to conceptualize the approach of embedded transformation.
Albania’s Path Toward Democracy: Deviations from and Congruences with the Established Theoretical Model under the Light of Eastern European Experiences (Elona Rusi-Karacalarlı / Nazif Mandacı)
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Elona Rusi-Karacalarlı & Nazif Mandacı
Albania’s Path Toward Democracy: Deviations from and Congruences with the Established Theoretical Model under the Light of Eastern European Experiences
This study aims at unfolding the basis of Albania’s more than two-decade-long democratization process under the light of the theoretical views regarding the forms of transitions from authoritarian to democratic regimes. It is envisioned that the Albanian case exposes some considerable differences from the political transformations that Eastern and Central European countries underwent in the beginning of the 1990s. For the mentioned purpose, a number of key hypotheses which sought the reasons of those nations’ success and/or failure in consolidating their democracies in the earlier democratic practice, types of the preceding authoritarian regimes, forms of transition and as a consequence, the party politics are examined. The basic output of this study is a path-depended model, which is congruent with the established views; with the help of which Albania’s transition to democracy is analyzed as well as the established theoretical templates are tested. It is envisaged that the deviations that are discerned when the involved path depended model is applied to the course of democratic consolidation in Albania can well be defined by referring to the country’s idiosyncratic political and societal features. There is a growing, albeit still inadequate, literature on the flaws of democracy in Albania projecting light on a variety of aspects of the issue ranging from economic backwardness to the nation-building process. This...
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