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A Path to a Conception of Symbolic Truth


Małgorzata Czarnocka

This book deals with correspondence truth, and offers an explanation of correspondence as a symbolization of reality. The author analyses those basic elements of known correspondence truth theories which are the cause of their inadequacy. She focuses on the theories which try to modify the strongest classical theories and shows that these theories are unable to free themselves from seeing correspondence as copying (mirroring). The book presents a «symbolic» correspondence truth theory claiming that correspondence is a specific kind of symbolisation in a Cassirer-close sense, and correspondence truth is neither a copy, nor any other imitation of reality, but its symbol.

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Chapter 9. The Correspondence Relation — Symbolisation


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Chapter 9 The Correspondence Relation — Symbolisation182

9.1  The Formation of the Correspondence Relation

The specifically focused examination of perception in the previous chapter reveals the nature of the correspondence relation, i.e. the relation between a true sentence and the fragment of reality it refers to. In other words, disclosed here is the essence of correspondence truth as the correspondence relation, which is formed in the course of the cognitive process. The true statement (the linguistic result of perception) is created in the course of a triple-phase transformation process. This process engages a variety of objects — both those which are external to the subject (photons as carriers of information about the whole perception field and not just one isolated object), as well as corporeal and mental objects which are parts of the subject and in a complementary relation to each other. The presented analysis of perceiving assumes that entities are connected; this thesis runs contrary to the one about the monadic isolation of entities and the atomistic nature of reality. Reality’s ontic character transfers to the epistemic level: cognition arises from the subject’s ontic immersion in reality and the “interplay” between entities. This conclusion is a version of the thesis about the conditioning of the nature of cognition by the nature of reality, in other words, by conditioning the epistemic level by the ontic one. The coupling of entities, i.e. the systemic character of reality, plays two mutually contradicting roles in cognition. It...

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