Edited By Elżbieta Czarny, Andżelika Kuźnar and Jerzy Menkes
This book gathers Polish and foreign scholars to consider diverse aspects of Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). It examines key general areas such as the improvement of the position of the negotiating parties in the world economy, in politics and in international organisations. The contributors analyze possible acceleration of non-discriminatory liberalisation negotiations, creation of new international standards or reducing regulatory differences, such as «Investor-state dispute settlement» (ISDS), public health, geographical indications. The contributions focus also on specific issues, such as the impact of TTIP on Polish and EU economy, on merchandise and services trade, energy supply, research and development, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), or on the third parties.
Chapter 15. Concerns over the TTIP Regarding Public Health
This chapter presents concerns regarding the conclusion of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership in the field of public health. The concerns arise from addressing regulatory differences between the parties, particularly with regard to registering and marketing pharmaceuticals and assuring food safety and carrying out appropriate policies and practices in the EU member states with their right to regulate when necessary. The chapter also briefly presents controversies that have emerged over the negotiations of the treaty in the field of public health, including accusations of a lack of transparency during the consultation process as well as the European Commission’s effort to ensure transparency and mitigate the concerns. As an agreement between the US and the EU, the TTIP will require the convergence of different legal systems and the terms for doing that to be negotiated, which inevitably will result in laws being changed. This complex issue has brought about concerns and difficulties similar to those which attend the harmonisation of laws between EU Member States.
1. The link between the TTIP and public health
The free trade agreement between the European Union and the United States includes three components: market access, regulatory cooperation and rules. They are aimed at facilitating economic growth, providing regulatory cohesion and establishing international standards (European Commission 2014a). The proposed the TTIP is said to be the most complex FTA ever to be pursued, and is also the most ambitious.
There is an established link between GDP growth...
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