The book provides a compilation of idiosyncratic manifestations of information society in techno-economic, political and cultural spheres. The contributors focus on the increasing complexity within information societies. To manage this complexity, societies develop constantly evolving context-specific modes of meta-governance. The contributions allow a better understanding of well-known conceptualizations and definitions of information society and related concepts such as post-industrial society, post-modernity, as well as network society, and knowledge society.
Crisis Mapping for More Inclusive Humanitarian Information Management in the ICT Era (Janja Mikulan Kildi)
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Janja Mikulan KildiSchool of Advanced Social Studies in Nova GoricaGregorčičeva 19, 5000 Nova Gorica, Sloveniajanja.email@example.com
Crisis Mapping for More Inclusive Humanitarian Information Management in the ICT Era
Abstract: Structural changes such as development of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) demand more inclusive, diverse and bottom-up forms of Humanitarian Information Management (HIM) and a reflection on opportunities and constraints of such changes for the humanitarian sector and involved participants. The article addresses the issue of the mapping and final results enabled by ICTs and crowdsourcing that have a great potential to address two significant issues related to the management of humanitarian information. These are limited geographic information as well as limited information and knowledge about emergency relief actors in the field, and weak involvement of (local) communities and other relevant actors for crisis preparedness and response. The article presents the case study of EUROSHA volunteers in Kenya who were aiming at crisis preparedness by increasing the level of information of local and international (humanitarian) actors through open-source tools and ICTs. EUROSHA volunteers managed to involve different relevant actors into HIM, have increased the mapping capacities of several actors, and have designed or upgraded the open source maps of four rural areas in the mid-West part of Kenya. However the intense participant observation also exposed a need to monitor and evaluate the impacts of such maps and mitigate the challenges related to (crisis) mapping.
Keywords: Humanitarian Information Management (HIM)...
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