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Political Leadership in Morphogenetic Perspective

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Filip Pierzchalski

This book depicts a new research perspective of political leadership, in which the multi-level and dynamic leadership relation is explained as relations between the leader (human agency) and followers (sociological environment). In this sense, leadership comprises mutual influences between personal and structural domain. In morphogenesis, the subjective matrix of leadership keeps the division into private and public exposure, as well as individual and collective realization, which in fact means that the phenomenon of political leadership directly depends on the reality of the agent and structure. The author offers a new point of view for his primary research goal, which is a precise and systematic explication of the notion of political leadership in the morphogenetic scope.

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2. Dialectical interdependence of agency and structure

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2.  Dialectical interdependence of agency and structure

2.1  Subjective approach to the political space

Historical and philosophical disputes over the issue of agency – structure indicate the presence of constant theoretical and methodological tension in this scientific dilemma, the un ambiguous solution of which is impossible to find. Numerous discrepancies as to the dichotomous relationship can be seen both in different fields of knowledge, as well as within a given discipline, which are apparent differences between individual researchers, often representing a distinct epistemological approach47. The essence of the dispute boils down to answering the following questions: who/what has a greater impact, influence, significance, driving force, causal force, level of alienation etc. in explaining agent-structure relationships? Is there an agent (individual or collective)in the totality of its properties? Or vice versa, i.e. an essential explanatory link only (and always) social structure/environment, which is the only and direct determinant for the direction of, or changes in the functioning of the entity.

In the first case we can talk about the appreciation of subjective factor, where by the psychological anthropocentric attitude an attempt is made to indicate the descriptive and explanatory primitivitiveness of abstract agent in political reality. At the same time one cannot forget that the term “agent” refers in this case not only to the individual (single agent, individual perpetrator, the manufacturer, the creator of changes, etc.) but also to the collective agent (the real existence of human teams, both formal...

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