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Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz and Günther Löschnigg

This volume is a collection of empirical and theoretical research papers in the social sciences regarding the Balkans and the Near East written by researchers from several different universities and institutions. The studies include a wide range of topics from economic, financial, political, agricultural, sociological, international relations to historical, cultural, and feminist issues in the region of the Balkan and Near East. The book is aimed at educators, researchers, and students interested in the Balkan and Near Eastern countries.

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System Theory in International Relations and the Evolution of the International System in the Historical Process (Kadir Sancak)

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Kadir Sancak1 System Theory in International Relations and the Evolution of the International System in the Historical Process Introduction There is a theoretical approach that needs to be able to analyze international politics in a systematic fashion which is composed of a series of events considered to be developed independently and a network of complex relations developed constantly over days among countries as being the main actors of the international commu- nity. The system approach, which shows the correlation among events considered to be developed independently, has gained importance in political science in recent years; it has emerged in direction of this need. The nation-state structure is considered to analyze the unit and system level of the state. The main objectives of this study are to analyze system theory and to assess the evolution of the international system in the historical process. The first section of this study consists of two sections. The first section implies the concept of system in terms of theoretical and conceptual frameworks. These are additionally presented with system models of three academicians who are the leading system theoreticians from an international perspective. System Theory in International Relations System The concept of the system is frequently used in the international relations field and the phrases of “system analysis”, “system concept”, and “system theory” which are often encountered in many studies could be shown as example of this situation (Emeklier, 2010; Gönlübol, 1993: 31; Arı, 2010: 493). The diversity in the phrases is also experienced...

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