A Comparative Quantitative Analysis of the Educational Effect on Tolerance
This book examines to what extent the effect of education on political and social tolerance varies cross-nationally. It gives an inventory of micro- and macro- level factors moderating this effect. The empirical analysis is based on comparative surveys across 24 and 33 countries at two time points. Results indicate that the positive effect of education does not always overcome the negative effects of personality characteristics and low socio-economic status. Moreover, education contributes to more tolerant views only in countries with certain political, socio-economic and cultural background. Overall, the book argues that there are several micro- and macro-level conditions that should be fulfilled before one may proclaim education as the universal problem solver.
List of Figures
2.1 Theoretical Model: Moderating Effects of Individual-level Variables on the Effect of Education on Tolerance
2.2 Theoretical Model: Effect of Contextual-Level Variables on Individuals’ Tolerance Levels and Moderating Effects of Contextual-Level Variables on the Effect of Education on Tolerance
2.3 Theoretical Model: Integrated Effects of Individual-Level and Contextual-Level Variables on the Effect of Education on Tolerance
3.1 Least-liked Groups in the Sample of Twenty-Four Countries in WVS 1995–1998
3.2 Percentages of Respondents in Different Educational Categories From the Full Sample in WVS 1995–1998
3.3 Percentages of Respondents in Different Educational Categories From the Full Sample in WVS 2005–2008
3.4 Least-liked Groups According to Educational Level in the Sample of Twenty-Four Countries in WVS 1995–1998
4.1 Predicted Probability of Political Tolerance at Different Values of Authoritarianism
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