British and American Features in Advanced German Learners
This book investigates inconsistencies in the accent adopted by advanced German learners of English with respect to differences between standard American and British English (rhoticity, t-voicing, the vowels in the lexical sets «bath», «lot» and «thought»). From a theoretical point of view, the volume contributes to understanding the status of L1 transfer in language learners at «ultimate attainment», a stabilized, late stage in language acquisition. Unlike in many studies in second language acquisition, the approach taken here is variationist, taking into account extra- and intra-linguistic factors as potential explanations for variability. The findings suggest that in addition to the target accent the strongest external factor is time spent abroad, while L1 accent and proficiency level seem to have minor impact only.
List of Figures
Figure 3.1 The stressed monophthongs of BrE (adapted from Wells 2008: xxiii–xxiv)
Figure 3.2 The stressed monophthongs of AmE (adapted from Wells 2008: xxiii–xxiv)
Figure 3.3 The stressed monophthongs of German (adapted from Duden 2005: 37)
Figure 3.4 The vowels of BrE and AmE BATH (adapted from Cruttenden 2008: 113, 118; 2014: 121, 124)
Figure 3.5 The vowels of BrE and AmE BATH in comparison with German BATEN / HATTEN and BETTEN / KÄTZCHEN / BÄTEN
Figure 3.6 The vowels of BrE and AmE LOT and THOUGHT
Figure 3.7 The vowels of BrE and AmE LOT and THOUGHT in comparison with German BATEN / HATTEN and SOCKEN / BOTEN
Figure 5.1 Spectrogram of rhotic before
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