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International Law on Antarctic Mineral Resource Exploitation

Runyu Wang

This book analyzes the legal regime of the exploitation of the mineral resources in the Antarctic. Therefore, it elaborates on the development of the Antarctic Treaty and the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS). The author examines the history and influence of the Convention for the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (CRAMRA), which purpose it is to prohibit unregulated mineral resource activities in Antarctica, and its provisions are extremely strict with the aim of environmental protection. Through analyzing and comparing the CRAMRA and the 1991 Environmental Protocol, the book concludes that it is not beyond credulity to imagine that a new round of discussion on Antarctic mineral exploration will be held in the near future.

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About the author


Runyu Wang studied Law at the Qingdao University, China. She got a Master’s degree in International Law at the Chinese Academy of Social Science, Beijing, China, while graduating at the Bucerius Law School with a degree of Master in Law and Business in Hamburg, Germany. Hereafter she worked at the International Max Planck Research School (IMPRS) for Maritime Affairs for her PhD in Hamburg, Germany.

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