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Human Trafficking as a Quintessence of 21st Century Slavery

The Vulnerability of Nigerians in Austria

Chigozie DDr. Nnebedum

This book is a contribution towards a better understanding of the nature of the international crime of human trafficking. It is an impulse towards finding a new way at the international levels, and encouraging cooperation among nations in the fight against human trafficking and its root causes. The author analyzes human trafficking, which can be termed as «modern-day slavery» and in its complexity and dynamism ends up in the exploitation of the victims for the personal gains of a person or group of persons. A majority of the victims, especially women, end up in the sex industries. In most cases people are transported from the so-called underdeveloped to supposedly developed regions. As a result, women and girls are smuggled yearly from underdeveloped countries, for example Nigeria, to Europe and America.

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6 Case Study (Narrative Interview)

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6.1 Purpose of the Interview

The interviews that were conducted by the author could be seen, not only as an enterprise aimed at supplying the facts that are lacking in the literature analysis, but also as explorative research. In this case, it becomes necessary to report all five cases of the interviews. In conducting the interviews, which are ‘narrative’, the victims were allowed to narrate their situations in Austria with occasional questions designed to keep them to the main focus of the interviews. Given the sensitivity of the theme, commentaries that are suggestive of intimidation and interrogations were avoided during the interviews and confidentiality and anonymity were the guiding principles (Lamnek 1995; Flick et al. 2005). In an interview, the person interviewed is allowed to tell his or her experiences while the interviewer notes the points and can ask questions (Schütze 1978). Though in this work, the victims of human trafficking were asked to narrate their stories, they were given some guide on how to go about it. It has to do with the factors that made them vulnerable to human trafficking such as: illiteracy, poor family background, ethnicity, lifestyle and poverty. Not all the five victims are well educated thus some are ‘semi illiterates’ and could not narrate their stories in good English. They narrated their stories in broken English (Pidgin English) and their local dialects (Igbo and Edo)76 and so the interviews had to be transcribed in a consistent way in the...

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