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Discourse Studies – Ways and Crossroads

Insights into Cultural, Diachronic and Genre Issues in the Discipline

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Edited By Karolina Bros and Grzegorz Kowalski

The volume brings together papers emerging from the GlobE conference (University of Warsaw). The authors explore major topics in Discourse Studies, offering insights into the field’s theoretical foundations and discussing the results of its empirical applications. The book integrates different lines of research in Discourse Studies as undertaken at academic centres Europe-wide and beyond. In this diversity, the editors identify certain dominant lines of study, including (new) media discourse, political discourse in the age of social/digital media, or professional discourse in globalized workplace contexts. At the same time, the volume shows that Discourse Studies not only investigate emerging language phenomena, but also critically reassess research issues formerly addressed.

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Legitimation strategies in Russian political discourse on the annexation of Crimea (Julita Śmigielska)

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Julita Śmigielska

University of Warsaw, Poland

Legitimation strategies in Russian political discourse on the annexation of Crimea

Abstract: The paper analyzes legitimation strategies in Russian political discourse concerning the annexation of Crimea on the example of Vladimir Putin’s speech of 18th March 2014. Carried out with methods of (Critical) Discourse Analysis the study investigates relevant linguistic phenomena in their social context and reveals ideological properties inherent to political discourse. The analytical categories applied in the paper include mainly classification of legitimation strategies proposed by van Leeuwen (2008): authorization, moral evaluation and rationalization as well as the Us vs. Them polarization typical of political discourse. The results of the study show that the main conceptualization frame of the analyzed discourse is based on the thesis-antithesis construction: the attribution of lexical items with positive axiological value to the in-group and negative evaluation of the out-group, whereas argumentation strategies used for legitimation predominantly refer to history and law.

1. Introduction

Symbolic power relations in society, ideology and manipulation in language are notions of central importance for Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough, 1999; Wodak, 2007; Duszak & Fairclough, 2008). Focusing on these aspects, critical discourse studies investigate, among others, discursive practices immersed in the broader social, cultural and historical contexts. One domain in which relations between symbolic power and language are probably most evident and hence have frequently been subject to CDA studies (e.g. Chilton, 2004; Okulska & Cap, 2010a, b; Wodak,...

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