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Etnicidade Linguística em Movimento

Os Processos de Transculturalidade Revelados nos Brasileirítalos do Eixo Rio de Janeiro-Juiz de Fora

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Mario L. M. Gaio

Este trabalho discute língua, cultura e sociedade. Interessa à sociolinguística, mas também a outros campos do saber nas ciências sociais. A composição multiétnica da população brasileira é profundamente marcada por traços culturais de diversos povos, entre os quais o italiano. A imigração italiana deixou marcas culturais importantes em seus descendentes, tornando-os sujeitos transculturais. O aporte teórico se fundamenta em estudos de Contato de Línguas, Redes Sociais, Comunidades de Prática, Identidade, «Belonging» e Transculturalidade. A metodologia utilizada constitui-se de aplicação de entrevistas semiestruturadas a descendentes de italianos analisadas sob a perspectiva da Ecolinguística. O ecossistema cultural desses indivíduos revela a manifestação da etnicidade em movimento.

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Summary of Chapter 2

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The Project named ‘Ethnicity in Motion’42, developed as part of the co-tutorship Project between the Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), from Niterói, Brazil, and the Europa-Universität Viadrina (EUV), from Frankfurt an der Oder, Germany, proposes discussions involving minority languages, immigration languages and ethnicity, which are Always in motion43. In this context, we dedicated chapter 2 of this study to the discussion of identity and its relation to immigration, language, culture and nationalism.

Currently, the theme of Identity is frequently addressed and theorized by numerous areas of human sciences under various points of view, among which we cite Hall, 1996; Brubaker & Cooper, 2000; Bauman, 2001, 2004, 2009; Pfaff-Czarnecka, 2011; Anthias, 2013. There seems to be a consensus that identity is adaptable to the context of each individual and to their own story of life and if we aim to problematize the concept of identity, it is necessary to think it as a process, the identification, and not as something static (DERVIN & RISAGER, 2015).

We also discuss the relation between identity, language and culture. To dissociate a language from culture and identity is a difficult task. Language and culture are elements so meshed together that they are sometimes confused because the language is the main means of cultural manifestation. Language, through its many forms of manifestation, is an element of strong identity reference. Foreigners living outside of their countries of origin tend to seek other countrymen and, since they are, at least initially,...

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