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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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23 Landscape Planning for Sustainable Groundwater Resources


Abstract: Landscape planning is associated with the ecological land use management in order to sustain these lands together with their natural and cultural settings. These natural resources basically involve the components of vegetation, soil, water and the underground. Groundwater is one of the vital hydrological resources of the lands. Large fraction of the precipitation reaching the earth surface is enriched with minerals as it infiltrates into the soil and rocks, ultimately recharging groundwater resources. Accordingly, both the quantity and quality of the groundwater is influenced by the physical and chemical characteristics of the lands and its usages. Groundwater resources are often the primary source of water, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Groundwater is used for drinking purposes and other domestic usages, agriculture and as a source of water for livestock. Hence, groundwater resources are one of the major ecosystem services within both the urban and rural landscapes. However, groundwater resources are under threat due to human-induced pollution and the sharp land use and climate changes of the recent decades. Consequently, landscape planning must be conducted to simultaneously achieve sustainable land use management objectives and to conserve and protect this vital resource.

Keywords: Landscape ecology, Groundwater resources, Sustainable management, Land use, Ecosystem services

1 Principles of Landscape Planning

Earth broadly consists of complex geological and soil formations, water and living organisms that are thoroughly interconnected and interwoven within a surrounding atmosphere [1]. The original ecological interactions and unique intrinsic dynamics generate systematically...

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