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Konflikt und Kooperation

Die Ostsee als Handlungs- und Kulturraum

Edited By Martin Göllnitz, Nils Abraham, Thomas Wegener Friis and Helmut Müller-Enbergs

Seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges und der Erweiterung der Europäischen Union gerät der Ostseeraum als historische Einheit immer stärker in das Blickfeld von Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit. Eine intensive Beschäftigung mit dieser Region macht jedoch recht rasch deutlich, dass nicht nur die „eine Ostsee" existiert, sondern viele Ostseeräume, die in erster Linie durch Kooperationen und Konflikte, Handel und kulturelle Beziehungen sowie den daran beteiligten Protagonisten initialisiert und konstruiert werden.

In dem vorliegenden Band analysieren 23 ExpertInnen aus fünf Ostseeländern und Israel die durchaus unterschiedlichen Raumkonstruktionen und Verflechtungen innerhalb der Ostseeregion, die als ein spannungs- und konfliktreicher Handlungs- und Kulturraum verstanden wird.

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The Political Trial against Kurt Vieweg (Thomas Wegener Friis / Adi Frimark)

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Thomas Wegener Friis und Adi Frimark

The Political Trial against Kurt Vieweg

Today unknown to most, Kurt Vieweg (1911–1976) played a special role in the history of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in the 1950’s as a leading communist.1 As a young man, Vieweg fled from Germany to Denmark shortly after the Nazis seized power. In Denmark he participated in underground anti-Nazi activities, even after 1940 when the country was occupied by German troops and consequently he had to flee to Sweden in 1943. After the war, he returned to the Soviet Occupation Zone in Germany, where he enjoyed a fast, but short-lived career within the governing communist party, the Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands (SED). It was crowned by his time as President of the Communist-led farmers’ union from 1947–1952 and as SED Central Committee Secretary for Agriculture from 1950–1953. In those years, he was also a full member of the Central Committee and of the East German Parliament, the “Volkskammer” (people’s chamber), which is considered less important but held a symbolic role.2 However, at the peak of his political influence he stumbled upon the inherent need of Stalinist communist parties to “cleanse” themselves of supposed foreign agents and dangerous ideological impurity. Communist emigrants, who stayed in Western Europe during the war, were going to play the unwanted role as scapegoats not only in the GDR but also in Hungary, Poland, or Czechoslovakia. In 1952 Vieweg found himself in the...

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