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Applied Interdisciplinary Peirce Studies

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Edited By Elize Bisanz

The volume focuses on the application of Peirce’s semeiotic as a methodological tool to establish a common field for interdisciplinary research. Contributors from the fields of biology, architecture, logic, esthetics and neuroscience, among others, work on diverse research problems, unified by the idea of transcending the dyadic limitations of disciplinary restrictions and applying Peirce’s triadic method, and the structure and process of sign relations of the particular problem that has to be solved. The result is an invigorating example of methodological plasticity wherein the reader acquires an understanding of scientific observation within the complex universe of semeiosis relations.

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Logic of Relatives as Syntax in the Genetic Code (Ľudmila Lacková)

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Ľudmila Lacková

Logic of Relatives as Syntax in the Genetic Code

Abstract: Analogies between natural language and the genetic code date to the sixties of the last century. Nevertheless, they never go beyond the terminology. The following study presents the possibility to talk about syntactic relations in the genetic code. Based on the syntactic functions of natural language the study traces functional similarities in the performance of the genetic code. In this context, functions are defined as the expression of relations between constituents. The paper proposes to compare the recently discovered non-coding sequences of DNA with the syntax in natural languages with the help of Peircean logic of relations and implement the Peircean logic of valency for the analysis of the grammar of the genetic code.

Introduction

It is a well-known fact that Peirce’s philosophy and logic were inspired by his early studies of chemistry1. It was his understanding of chemical compounds in terms of topology and relations, especially by creating diagrams or schemata of molecular relations2, that Peirce applied later on his studies in logic (Ambrosio, Chiara / Campbell, Chris: “The Chemistry of Relations: Peirce, Perspicuous Representations, and Experiments with Diagrams”. In: Hull, Kathleen A. / Atkins, Richard Kenneth (eds.): Peirce on Perception and Reasoning: From Icons to Logic. Routledge: New York 2017, pp. 86–107). In those years, chemistry was only obtaining its solid foundations and a status of a hard science. Works on topology by Peirce and other chemists...

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